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On This Day

Today is 20 October 2018, and this is some of what happened.

Events

1548 - The city of Nuestra Señora de La Paz (Our Lady of Peace) is founded by Alonso de Mendoza by appointment of the king of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor, Charles V.
1572 - Relief of Goes: Cristóbal de Mondragón, with 3000 soldiers of the Spanish Tercios, relieves the siege of the city.
1720 - Caribbean pirate Calico Jack is captured by the Royal Navy.
1740 - Maria Theresa takes the throne of Austria. France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony refuse to honour the Pragmatic Sanction and the War of the Austrian Succession begins.
1781 - The Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, is approved in Habsburg Monarchy.
1803 - The United States Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase.
1805 - General Mack's army surrenders to Napoleon at Ulm after a few skirmishes.
1818 - The Convention of 1818 is signed between the United States and the United Kingdom, which settles the Canada/United States border on the 49th parallel for most of its length.
1827 - In the Battle of Navarino, a combined Turkish and Egyptian fleet is defeated by British, French, and Russian naval forces in the last significant battle fought with wooden sailing ships.
1873 - Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers universities draft the first code of American football rules.
1883 - Peru and Chile sign the Treaty of Ancón, by which the Tarapacá province is ceded to the latter, bringing an end to Peru's involvement in the War of the Pacific.
1904 - Chile and Bolivia sign the Treaty of Peace and Friendship, delimiting the border between the two countries.
1910 - The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
1935 - The Long March, a mammoth retreat undertaken by the armed forces of the Chinese Communist Party a year prior, ends.
1939 - Pope Pius XII publishes his first major encyclical, entitled Summi Pontificatus.
1941 - World War II: Thousands of civilians in Kragujevac in German-occupied Serbia are murdered in the Kragujevac massacre.
1944 - The Soviet Army and Yugoslav Partisans liberate Belgrade, the capital of Yugoslavia
1944 - Liquefied natural gas leaks from storage tanks in Cleveland and then explodes; the explosion and resulting fire level 30 blocks and kill 130.
1944 - American general Douglas MacArthur fulfills his promise to return to the Philippines when he commands an Allied assault on the islands, reclaiming them from the Japanese during the Second World War.
1946 - Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam decides that October 20 is Vietnam Women's Day.
1947 - The House Un-American Activities Committee begins its investigation into Communist infiltration of Hollywood, resulting in a blacklist that prevents some from working in the industry for years.
1947 - The United States of America and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan establish diplomatic relations for the first time.
1951 - The "Johnny Bright incident" occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma
1952 - Governor Evelyn Baring declares a state of emergency in Kenya and begins arresting hundreds of suspected leaders of the Mau Mau Uprising, including Jomo Kenyatta, the future first President of Kenya.
1961 - The Soviet Union performs the first armed test of a submarine-launched ballistic missile, launching an R-13 from a Golf-class submarine.
1962 - People's Republic of China launches simultaneous offensives in Ladakh and across the McMahon Line, igniting the Sino-Indian War.
1968 - Former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis.
1970 - Siad Barre declares Somalia a socialist state.
1971 - The Nepal Stock Exchange collapses.
1973 - "Saturday Night Massacre": United States President Richard Nixon fires U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus after they refuse to fire Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox, who is finally fired by Robert Bork.
1973 - The Sydney Opera House opens.
1976 - The ferry George Prince is struck by a ship while crossing the Mississippi River between Destrehan and Luling, Louisiana. Seventy-eight passengers and crew die and only 18 people aboard the ferry survive.
1977 - Rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd's plane crashes.
1981 - Two police officers and an armored car guard are killed during an armed robbery in Rockland County, New York, carried out by members of the Black Liberation Army and Weather Underground.
1982 - During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death in the Luzhniki disaster.
1991 - The Oakland Hills firestorm kills 25 and destroys 3,469 homes and apartments, causing more than $2 billion in damage.
1991 - A 6.8 Mw earthquake strikes the Uttarkashi region of India, killing more than 1,000 people.
2011 - Libyan Civil War: National Transitional Council rebel forces capture ousted Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi in his hometown of Sirte and kill him shortly thereafter.

Births

1475 - Giovanni di Bernardo Rucellai Italian poet and playwright (died 1525)
1496 - Claude, Duke of Guise (died 1550)
1616 - Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (died 1680)
1620 - Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter (died 1691)
1632 - Christopher Wren, English physicist, mathematician, and architect, designed St Paul's Cathedral (died 1723)
1660 - Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English politician, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (died 1723)
1677 - Stanislaw I of Poland (died 1766)
1700 - Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans, French wife of Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena (died 1761)
1711 - Timothy Ruggles, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, (died 1795)
1719 - Gottfried Achenwall, German historian, economist, and jurist (died 1772)
1740 - Isabelle de Charrière, Dutch author and poet (died 1805)
1759 - Chauncey Goodrich, American lawyer and politician, 8th Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut (died 1815)
1780 - Pauline Bonaparte, French sister of Napoleon (died 1825)
1784 - Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, English academic and politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (died 1865)
1785 - George Ormerod, English historian and author (died 1873)
1790 - Patrick Matthew. Scottish farmer and biologist (died 1874)
1801 - Melchior Berri, Swiss architect and educator, designed the Natural History Museum of Basel (died 1854)
1808 - Karl Andree, German geographer and journalist (died 1875)
1819 - Báb, Iranian religious leader, founded Bábism (died 1850)
1819 - Karol Mikuli, Ukrainian-Polish pianist, composer, and conductor (died 1897)
1822 - Thomas Hughes, English lawyer and judge (died 1896)
1832 - Constantin Lipsius, German architect and theorist (died 1894)
1847 - Frits Thaulow, Norwegian painter (died 1906)
1854 - Arthur Rimbaud, French soldier and poet (died 1891)
1858 - John Burns, English union leader and politician, President of the Board of Trade (died 1943)
1859 - John Dewey, American psychologist and philosopher (died 1952)
1864 - James F. Hinkle, American banker and politician, 6th Governor of New Mexico (died 1951)
1873 - Nellie McClung, Canadian politician and activist (died 1951)
1874 - Charles Ives, American composer (died 1954)
1882 - Margaret Dumont, American actress (died 1965)
1882 - Bela Lugosi, Hungarian-American actor (died 1956)
1885 - Jelly Roll Morton, American pianist, composer, and bandleader (Red Hot Peppers and New Orleans Rhythm Kings) (died 1941)
1887 - Prince Yasuhiko Asaka of Japan (died 1981)
1889 - Johann Gruber, Austrian priest and saint (died 1944)
1890 - Aleksander Maaker, Estonian bagpipe player (died 1968)
1891 - Samuel Flagg Bemis, American historian and author (died 1973)
1891 - James Chadwick, English physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1974)
1893 - Charley Chase, American actor, director, and screenwriter (died 1940)
1894 - Olive Thomas, American model and actress (died 1920)
1895 - Rex Ingram, American actor (died 1969)
1897 - Yi Un, South Korean general (died 1970)
1900 - Wayne Morse, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician (died 1974)
1901 - Adelaide Hall, American-English singer, actress, and dancer (died 1993)
1904 - Tommy Douglas, Scottish-Canadian minister and politician, 7th Premier of Saskatchewan (died 1986)
1904 - Enolia McMillan, American educator and activist (died 2006)
1904 - Anna Neagle, English actress, singer, and producer (died 1986)
1907 - Arlene Francis, American actress and television personality (died 2001)
1909 - Carla Laemmle, American actress and photographer (died 2014)
1909 - Yasushi Sugiyama, Japanese painter (died 1993)
1910 - Chen Liting, Chinese director and playwright (died 2013)
1910 - Hopper Read, English cricketer (died 2000)
1910 - Bob Sheppard, American sportscaster (died 2010)
1912 - Ruhi Su, Turkish singer-songwriter (died 1985)
1913 - Grandpa Jones, American singer-songwriter and banjo player (died 1998)
1913 - J. Michael Hagopian, Turkish-American director and producer (died 2010)
1914 - Fayard Nicholas, American actor, dancer, and choreographer (died 2006)
1917 - Stéphane Hessel, German-French activist and diplomat (died 2013)
1917 - Jean-Pierre Melville, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (died 1973)
1918 - Martin Drewes, German soldier and pilot (died 2013)
1918 - Robert Lochner, American-German soldier and journalist (died 2003)
1919 - Tracy Hall, American chemist and academic (died 2008)
1920 - Nick Cardy, American illustrator (died 2013)
1920 - Fanny de Sivers, Estonian-French linguist and academic (died 2011)
1920 - Siddhartha Shankar Ray, Indian lawyer and politician, Chief Minister of West Bengal (died 2010)
1921 - Manny Ayulo, American racing driver (died 1955)
1921 - Hans Warren, Dutch poet and author (died 2001)
1922 - John Anderson, American actor (died 1992)
1922 - Franco Ventriglia, American opera singer (died 2012)
1923 - Robert Craft, American conductor and musicologist
1924 - Robert Peters, American poet, playwright, and critic (died 2014)
1925 - Art Buchwald, American soldier and journalist (died 2007)
1925 - Tom Dowd, American record producer and engineer (died 2002)
1925 - Roger Hanin, Algerian-French actor, director, and screenwriter (died 2015)
1926 - Edward Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 3rd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu, English lieutenant and politician, founded the National Motor Museum (died 2015)
1927 - Joyce Brothers, American psychologist, author, and actress (died 2013)
1927 - Gunturu Seshendra Sarma, Indian poet and critic (died 2007)
1928 - Michael O'Donnell, English physician, author, and journalist
1931 - Richard Caliguiri, American lawyer and politician, 54th Mayor of Pittsburgh (died 1988)
1931 - Mickey Mantle, American baseball player and sportscaster (died 1995)
1931 - Ken Morrison, English businessman
1932 - Rosey Brown, American football player and coach (died 2004)
1932 - William Christopher, American actor and singer
1933 - Barrie Chase, American actress and dancer
1934 - Bill Chase, American trumpet player (Chase) (died 1974)
1934 - Eddie Harris, American saxophonist (died 1996)
1934 - Empress Michiko of Japan
1934 - Timothy West, English actor
1935 - Jerry Orbach, American actor and singer (died 2004)
1936 - Bobby Seale, American activist, co-founded the Black Panther Party
1937 - Cancio Garcia, Filipino lawyer and jurist (died 2013)
1937 - Wanda Jackson, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1937 - Juan Marichal, Dominican baseball player and sportscaster
1937 - Emma Tennant, English author
1938 - Emidio Greco, Italian director and screenwriter (died 2012)
1938 - Iain Macmillan, Scottish photographer and educator (died 2006)
1939 - Patrick Hughes, English painter, illustrator, and photographer
1940 - Kathy Kirby, English singer (died 2011)
1940 - Robert Pinsky, American poet and critic
1942 - Earl Hindman, American actor (died 2003)
1942 - Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, German biologist and geneticist, Nobel Prize laureate
1942 - Bart Zoet, Dutch cyclist (died 1992)
1944 - Nalin de Silva, Sri Lankan physicist and philosopher
1944 - David Mancuso, American party planner, created The Loft
1946 - Diana Gittins, American-English sociologist, author, and academic
1946 - Lewis Grizzard, American comedian and author (died 1994)
1946 - Elfriede Jelinek, Austrian author and playwright, Nobel Prize laureate
1946 - Richard Loncraine, English director and screenwriter
1946 - Lucien Van Impe, Belgian cyclist
1946 - Chris Woodhead, English civil servant and academic (died 2015)
1948 - Sandra Dickinson, American-English actress and composer
1948 - Piet Hein Donner, Dutch jurist and politician, Dutch Minister of Justice
1948 - Melih Gökçek, Turkish journalist and politician, Mayor of Ankara
1949 - Gina Pareño, Filipino actress
1950 - Tom Petty, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, Mudcrutch, and Traveling Wilburys)
1950 - William Russ, American actor and director
1951 - Al Greenwood, American keyboard player (Foreigner)
1951 - Patrick Hall, English lawyer and politician
1951 - Ken Ham, Australian-American evangelist
1951 - Leif Pagrotsky, Swedish businessman and politician
1951 - Claudio Ranieri, Italian footballer and manager
1952 - Melanie Mayron, American actress and director
1952 - Derek Ridgers, English photographer and art director
1953 - Keith Hernandez, American baseball player, sportscaster, and actor
1953 - Richard McWilliam, American businessman and philanthropist, co-founded the Upper Deck Company (died 2013)
1953 - Bill Nunn, American actor
1954 - Steve Orich, American composer and conductor
1955 - Thomas Newman, American composer and conductor
1955 - David Profumo, English author and academic
1955 - Aaron Pryor, American boxer
1955 - Robert ten Brink, Dutch television host and actor
1956 - Danny Boyle, English director, producer, and screenwriter
1956 - Martin Taylor, English guitarist
1957 - Jane Bonham-Carter, Baroness Bonham-Carter of Yarnbury, English politician
1957 - Chris Cowdrey, English cricketer and sportscaster
1957 - Susanna Haavisto, Finnish actress and singer
1957 - Hilda Solis, American academic and politician, 25th United States Secretary of Labor
1958 - Valerie Faris, American director and producer
1958 - Lynn Flewelling, American author and academic
1958 - Scott Hall, American wrestler
1958 - Mark King, English singer-songwriter and bass player (Level 42 and Re-Flex)
1958 - Dave Krieg, American football player
1958 - Viggo Mortensen, American actor and producer
1958 - Eric Scott, American actor
1959 - Mark Little, Australian comedian, actor, and screenwriter
1959 - Ole Hamre, Norwegian drummer, composer, and producer (Fliflet/Hamre)
1959 - Koichi Kawanishi, Japanese drummer (Unicorn)
1960 - Konstantin Aseev, Russian chess player and trainer (died 2004)
1960 - Lepa Brena, Bosnian singer and actress
1960 - Dave Finlay, Irish-American wrestler and agent
1961 - Audun Kleive, Norwegian drummer and composer (Generator X)
1961 - Kate Mosse, English author and playwright
1961 - Ian Rush, Welsh footballer and manager
1961 - Les Stroud, Canadian director, producer, and harmonica player
1961 - Michie Tomizawa, Japanese voice actress and singer
1962 - David M. Evans, American director and screenwriter
1962 - Dave Wong, Hong Kong-Taiwanese singer-songwriter and actor
1963 - Julie Payette, Canadian engineer and astronaut
1963 - Nikos Tsiantakis, Greek footballer
1963 - Stan Valckx, Dutch footballer and manager
1964 - Kamala Harris, American lawyer and politician, 32nd Attorney General of California
1964 - Tomoko Yamaguchi, Japanese actress and singer
1965 - Norman Blake, Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (Teenage Fanclub, BMX Bandits, and Jonny)
1965 - Mikhail Shtalenkov, Russian ice hockey player
1965 - William Zabka, American actor and producer
1966 - Fred Coury, American drummer (Cinderella, London, and Arcade)
1966 - Allan Donald, South African cricketer and coach
1966 - Stefan Raab, German comedian, singer-songwriter, producer, and television host
1966 - Patrick Volkerding, American computer scientist and engineer, founded Slackware
1967 - Monica Ali, Bangladeshi-English author
1967 - Elizabeth Carling, English actress and singer
1967 - Luigi Lo Cascio, Italian actor
1967 - Luck Mervil, Haitian-Canadian singer-songwriter and actor
1967 - Kerrod Walters, Australian rugby player
1967 - Kevin Walters, Australian rugby player and coach
1968 - Susan Tully, English actress, director, and producer
1969 - Laurie Daley, Australian rugby player and coach
1969 - Juan González, Puerto Rican baseball player
1969 - Labros Papakostas, Greek high jumper
1970 - Sander Boschker, Dutch footballer
1970 - Chavo Guerrero Jr., American wrestler
1970 - Neil Heywood, English-Chinese businessman (died 2011)
1970 - Aapo Ilves, Estonian poet and illustrator
1970 - Michelle Malkin, American blogger and author
1971 - Snoop Dogg, American rapper, producer, and actor (Tha Eastsidaz and 213)
1971 - Eddie Jones, American basketball player
1971 - Kamiel Maase, Dutch runner
1971 - Dannii Minogue, Australian singer-songwriter and actress
1972 - Pie Geelen, Dutch swimmer
1972 - Will Greenwood, English rugby player and sportscaster
1972 - Brian Schatz, American academic and politician, 11th Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii
1974 - Bashar Rahal, Emirati-American actor and producer
1975 - Sevinç Erbulak, Turkish actress
1976 - Nikolaos Bacharidis, Greek footballer
1976 - Dan Fogler, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1976 - Nicola Legrottaglie, Italian footballer and manager
1977 - Matt Jansen, English footballer and manager
1977 - Leila Josefowicz, Canadian-American violinist
1977 - Erko Saviauk, Estonian footballer
1977 - Samuel Witwer, American actor and singer
1978 - Virender Sehwag, Indian cricketer
1978 - Paul Wilson, Scottish bass player and songwriter (Snow Patrol and Terra Diablo)
1979 - Vasyl Baranov, Ukrainian footballer
1979 - Paul Ifill, English footballer
1979 - John Krasinski, American actor, director, and producer
1979 - Paul O'Connell, Irish rugby player
1979 - Paul Terek, American decathlete
1979 - Nargis Fakhri, American model and actress
1980 - Gary Jarman, English singer-songwriter and bass player (The Cribs)
1980 - Niall Matter, Canadian actor
1980 - José Veras, Dominican baseball player
1981 - Dimitris Papadopoulos, Greek footballer
1981 - Francisco Javier Rodríguez, Mexican footballer
1982 - Kristian Bak Nielsen, Danish footballer
1982 - Becky Brewerton, Welsh golfer
1982 - Katie Featherston, American actress
1983 - Flavio Cipolla, Italian tennis player
1983 - Luis Saritama, Ecuadorian footballer
1983 - Michel Vorm, Dutch footballer
1983 - Takayuki Yamada, Japanese actor and singer
1984 - Mitch Lucker, American singer-songwriter (Suicide Silence and Commissioner) (died 2012)
1984 - Florent Sinama Pongolle, French footballer
1984 - Andrew Trimble, Irish rugby player
1985 - Jennifer Freeman, American actress
1985 - Dominic McGuire, American basketball player
1985 - Alphonso Smith, American football player
1985 - James Sutton, English race car driver
1986 - Wanlop Saechio, Thai footballer
1986 - Elyse Taylor, Australian model
1987 - Raphael Hackl, German rugby player
1987 - Sanne Nijhof, Dutch model
1988 - Ma Long, Chinese table tennis player
1988 - Risa Niigaki, Japanese singer and actress (Morning Musume, Tanpopo, Sakuragumi, and Athena and Robikerottsu)
1988 - Candice Swanepoel, South African model
1989 - Jess Glynne, English singer-songwriter
1989 - Colin Wilson, Canadian-American ice hockey player
1992 - Mattia De Sciglio, Italian footballer
1992 - John Egan, Irish footballer
1992 - Kristian Ipsen, American diver
1992 - Liis Lemsalu, Estonian singer
1992 - Ksenia Semyonova, Russian gymnast
1992 - Ferhat Yazgan, Turkish footballer
1994 - Morgan Featherstone, Australian model
1994 - Corey Oates, Australian rugby player
1995 - Zhenwei Wang, Chinese actor and martial artist

Deaths

460 - Aelia Eudocia, Byzantine wife of Theodosius II (born 401)
1139 - Henry X, Duke of Bavaria (born 1108)
1524 - Thomas Linacre, English physician and scholar (born 1460)
1570 - João de Barros, Portuguese historian and author (born 1496)
1631 - Michael Maestlin, German astronomer and mathematician (born 1550)
1640 - John Ball, English clergyman and theologian (born 1585)
1652 - Antonio Coello, Spanish poet and playwright (born 1611)
1713 - Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician and academic (born 1652)
1740 - Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (born 1685)
1842 - Grace Darling, English heroine (born 1815)
1862 - Catherine Wilson, English serial killer (born 1822)
1865 - Champ Ferguson, American guerrilla leader (born 1821)
1870 - Michael William Balfe, Irish violinist and composer (born 1808)
1871 - Karl Christian Ulmann, Latvian-German theologian and academic (born 1793)
1890 - Richard Francis Burton, English-Italian geographer and explorer (born 1821)
1900 - Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and translator (born 1846)
1910 - David born Hill, American lawyer and politician, 29th Governor of New York (born 1843)
1926 - Eugene V. Debs, American union leader and politician (born 1855)
1935 - Arthur Henderson, Scottish-English politician, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1863)
1936 - Anne Sullivan, American educator (born 1866)
1940 - Gunnar Asplund, Swedish architect and academic, co-designed Skogskyrkogården (born 1885)
1941 - Ken Farnes, English cricketer and soldier (born 1911)
1950 - Henry L. Stimson, American colonel, lawyer, and politician, 46th United States Secretary of State (born 1867)
1953 - Werner Baumbach, German colonel and pilot (born 1916)
1957 - Michalis Dorizas, Greek-American javelin thrower and football player (born 1890)
1964 - Herbert Hoover, American engineer and politician, 31st President of the United States (born 1874)
1967 - Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese politician and diplomat, 32nd Prime Minister of Japan (born 1878)
1968 - Bud Flanagan, English actor, singer, and screenwriter (born 1896)
1972 - Harlow Shapley, American astronomer and academic (born 1885)
1977 - Cassie Gaines, American singer (The Honkettes) (born 1948)
1977 - Steve Gaines, American guitarist (Lynyrd Skynyrd and Detroit) (born 1949)
1977 - Ronnie Van Zant, American singer-songwriter (Lynyrd Skynyrd) (born 1948)
1978 - Gunnar Nilsson, Swedish race car driver (born 1948)
1983 - Peter Dudley, English actor (born 1935)
1983 - Yves Thériault, Canadian author (born 1915)
1983 - Merle Travis, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (born 1917)
1984 - Carl Ferdinand Cori, Czech-American biochemist and pharmacologist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1896)
1984 - Paul Dirac, English-American physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1902)
1987 - Andrey Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician and academic (born 1903)
1988 - Sheila Scott, English pilot and author (born 1922)
1989 - Anthony Quayle, English actor and director (born 1913)
1990 - Joel McCrea, American actor and singer (born 1905)
1992 - Werner Torkanowsky, German-American conductor (born 1926)
1993 - Yasushi Sugiyama, Japanese painter (born 1909)
1994 - Burt Lancaster, American actor, singer, and producer (born 1913)
1995 - Christopher Stone, American actor, director, and screenwriter (born 1942)
1999 - Calvin Griffith, Canadian-American businessman (born 1911)
1999 - Jack Lynch, Irish footballer, lawyer, and politician, 5th Taoiseach of Ireland (born 1917)
2001 - Ted Ammon, American financier and banker (born 1949)
2002 - Barbara Berjer, American actress (born 1920)
2002 - Bernard Fresson, French actor (born 1931)
2003 - Jack Elam, American actor (born 1918)
2004 - Anthony Hecht, American poet and educator (born 1923)
2004 - Chuck Hiller, American baseball player, coach, and manager (born 1934)
2005 - Shirley Horn, American singer and pianist (born 1934)
2005 - Endon Mahmood, Malaysian wife of Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, 5th Spouse of the Prime Minister of Malaysia (born 1941)
2005 - André van der Louw, Dutch lawyer and politician, 16th Mayor of Rotterdam (born 1933)
2006 - Arnold Viiding, Estonian shot putter and discus thrower (born 1911)
2006 - Jane Wyatt, American actress (born 1910)
2007 - Max McGee, American football player and sportscaster (born 1932)
2007 - Helend Peep, Estonian actor (born 1910)
2007 - Paul Raven, English bass player (Killing Joke, Prong, Ministry, Society 1, Godflesh, and Zilch) (born 1961)
2008 - Gene Hickerson, American football player (born 1935)
2010 - Bob Guccione, American publisher, founded Penthouse magazine (born 1930)
2010 - Eva Ibbotson, Austrian-English author (born 1925)
2010 - Max Kohnstamm, Dutch historian and diplomat (born 1914)
2010 - Farooq Leghari, Pakistani politician, 8th President of Pakistan (born 1940)
2010 - Parthasarathy Sharma, Indian cricketer (born 1948)
2011 - Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan colonel and politician, Prime Minister of Libya (born 1942)
2011 - Mutassim Gaddafi, Libyan colonel (born 1977)
2011 - Abu-Bakr Yunis Jabr, Libyan politician (born 1942)
2012 - Paul Kurtz, American philosopher and academic (born 1925)
2012 - Dave May, American baseball player (born 1943)
2012 - John McConnell, American activist, created Earth Day (born 1915)
2012 - E. Donnall Thomas, American physician and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1920)
2012 - Raymond Watson, American businessman (born 1926)
2013 - Leon Ashley, American singer-songwriter (born 1936)
2013 - Jovanka Broz, Croatian-Serbian colonel (born 1924)
2013 - Don James, American football player and coach (born 1932)
2013 - Lawrence Klein, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1920)
2013 - Joginder Singh, Kenyan race car driver (born 1932)
2013 - Larri Thomas, American actress and dancer (born 1932)
2013 - Sid Yudain, American journalist, founded Roll Call (born 1923)
2014 - Ox Baker, American wrestler and actor (born 1934)
2014 - Gerd Bonk, German weightlifter (born 1951)
2014 - René Burri, Swiss photographer and journalist (born 1933)
2014 - L. M. Kit Carson, American actor, producer, and screenwriter (born 1941)
2014 - Oscar de la Renta, Dominican-American fashion designer (born 1932)
2014 - Christophe de Margerie, French businessman (born 1951)
2014 - Gary Plauche, American murderer (born 1945)
2015 - Arno Gruen, German-Swiss psychologist and psychoanalyst (born 1923)
2015 - Michael Meacher, English academic and politician, Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions (born 1939)
2015 - Ian Steel, Scottish cyclist and manager (born 1928)
2015 - Cory Wells, American singer (Three Dog Night) (born 1941)


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