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On This Day

Today is 16 December 2018, and this is some of what happened.

Events

714 - Pepin of Herstal, mayor of the Merovingian palace, dies at Jupille (modern Belgium). He is succeeded by his infant grandson Theudoald while his wife Plectrude holds actual power in the Frankish Kingdom.
755 - An Lushan revolts against Chancellor Yang Guozhong at Yanjing, initiating the An Lushan Rebellion during the Tang dynasty of China.
1431 - Hundred Years' War: Henry VI of England is crowned King of France at Notre Dame in Paris.
1497 - Vasco da Gama passes the Great Fish River, where Bartolomeu Dias had previously turned back to Portugal.
1575 - An earthquake with an estimated magnitude of 8.5 strikes Valdivia, Chile.
1598 - Seven-Year War: Battle of Noryang: The final battle of the Seven-Year War is fought between the China and the Korean allied forces and Japanese navies, resulting in a decisive allied forces victory.
1653 - English Interregnum: The Protectorate: Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
1689 - Convention Parliament: The Declaration of Right is embodied in the Bill of Rights.
1707 - Last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan.
1761 - Seven Years' War: After a four-month siege, the Russians under Pyotr Rumyantsev take the Prussian fortress of Kozobrzeg.
1773 - American Revolution: Boston Tea Party: Members of the Sons of Liberty disguised as Mohawk Indians dump hundreds of crates of tea into Boston harbor as a protest against the Tea Act.
1811 - The first two in a series of four severe earthquakes occur in the vicinity of New Madrid, Missouri.
1826 - Benjamin W. Edwards rides into Mexican-controlled Nacogdoches, Texas, and declares himself ruler of the Republic of Fredonia.
1838 - Great Trek: Battle of Blood River: Voortrekkers led by Andries Pretorius and Sarel Cilliers defeat Zulu impis, led by Dambuza (Nzobo) and Ndlela kaSompisi in what is today KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
1850 - The Charlotte Jane and the Randolph bring the first of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton, New Zealand.
1863 - American Civil War: Joseph E. Johnston replaces Braxton Bragg as commander of the Confederate Army of Tennessee.
1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Nashville: Major General George Thomas's Union forces defeat Lieutenant General John Bell Hood's Confederate Army of Tennessee.
1880 - Outbreak of the First Boer War between the Boer South African Republic and the British Empire.
1883 - Tonkin Campaign: French forces capture the Sin Tây citadel.
1903 - Taj Mahal Palace and Tower hotel in Bombay first opens its doors to the guests.
1907 - The American Great White Fleet begins its circumnavigation of the world.
1912 - First Balkan War: The Royal Hellenic Navy defeats the Ottoman Navy at the Battle of Elli.
1914 - World War I: German battleships under Franz von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.
1918 - Vincas Mickevivius-Kapsukas declares the formation of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic.
1920 - The Haiyuan earthquake, magnitude 8.5, rocks the Gansu province in China, killing an estimated 200,000.
1922 - President of Poland Gabriel Narutowicz is assassinated by Eligiusz Niewiadomski at the Zachata Gallery in Warsaw.
1930 - Bank robber Herman Lamm and members of his crew are killed by a 200-strong posse, following a botched bank robbery in Clinton, Indiana.
1937 - Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from the American federal prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.
1938 - Adolf Hitler institutes the Cross of Honour of the German Mother.
1941 - World War II: Japanese forces occupy Miri, Sarawak.
1942 - The Holocaust: Schutzstaffel chief Heinrich Himmler orders that Roma candidates for extermination be deported to Auschwitz.
1944 - World War II: The Battle of the Bulge begins with the surprise offensive of three German armies through the Ardennes forest.
1946 - Thailand joins the United Nations.
1947 - William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain build the first practical point-contact transistor.
1950 - Korean War: U.S. President Harry S. Truman declares a state of emergency, after Chinese troops enter the fight in support of communist North Korea.
1957 - Sir Feroz Khan Noon replaces Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar as Prime Minister of Pakistan.
1960 - A United Airlines Douglas DC-8 and a TWA Lockheed Super Constellation collide over Staten Island, New York and crash, killing all 128 people aboard both aircraft and 6 more on the ground.
1965 - Vietnam War: General William Westmoreland sends U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara a request for 243,000 more men by the end of 1966.
1968 - Second Vatican Council: Official revocation of the Edict of Expulsion of Jews from Spain.
1971 - Bangladesh Liberation War and Indo-Pakistani War of 1971: The surrender of the Pakistan Army brings an end to both conflicts. This is commemorated annually as Victory Day in Bangladesh, and as Vijay Diwas in India.
1971 - The United Kingdom recognizes Bahrain's independence. This is commemorated annually as Bahrain's National Day.
1978 - Cleveland, Ohio, becomes the first major American city to default on its financial obligations since the Great Depression.
1979 - Libya joins four other OPEC nations in raising crude oil prices, which has an immediate, dramatic effect on the United States.
1985 - Paul Castellano and Thomas Bilotti are shot dead on the orders of John Gotti, who assumes leadership of New York's Gambino crime family
1989 - Romanian Revolution: Protests break out in Timioara, Romania, in response to an attempt by the government to evict dissident Hungarian pastor László Tukés.
1989 - U.S. Appeals Court Judge Robert Smith Vance is assassinated by a mail bomb sent by Walter Leroy Moody, Jr.
1991 - Kazakhstan declares independence from the Soviet Union.
2013 - A bus falls from an elevated highway in the Philippines capital Manila killing at least 18 people with 20 injured.
2014 - Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan militants attacked an Army Public School in Peshawar, Pakistan, killing 145 people, mostly schoolchildren.

Births

1485 - Catherine of Aragon (died 1536)
1582 - Robert Bertie, 1st Earl of Lindsey (died 1642)
1584 - John Selden, English jurist and scholar (died 1654)
1614 - Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg (died 1674)
1716 - Louis Jules Mancini Mazarini, French poet and diplomat (died 1798)
1717 - Elizabeth Carter, English poet and scholar (died 1806)
1742 - Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, German field marshal (died 1819)
1770 - Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer (died 1827)
1775 - Jane Austen, English author (died 1817)
1775 - François-Adrien Boieldieu, French pianist and composer (died 1834)
1776 - Johann Wilhelm Ritter, German chemist, physicist, and philosopher (died 1810)
1778 - John Ordronaux, French-American soldier (died 1841)
1787 - Mary Russell Mitford, English author and playwright (died 1855)
1790 - Leopold I of Belgium (died 1865)
1804 - Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician and academic (died 1889)
1834 - Léon Walras, French-Swiss economist and theorist (died 1910)
1836 - Ernst von Bergmann, Latvian-German surgeon and academic (died 1907)
1861 - Antonio de La Gándara, French painter and illustrator (died 1917)
1863 - George Santayana, Spanish philosopher, author, and poet (died 1952)
1865 - Olavo Bilac, Brazilian journalist and poet (died 1918)
1866 - Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French painter and theorist (died 1944)
1867 - Amy Carmichael, Irish-Indian missionary and humanitarian (died 1951)
1869 - Hristo Tatarchev, Bulgarian physician and activist, co-founded the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (died 1952)
1872 - Anton Denikin, Russian general (died 1947)
1882 - Jack Hobbs, English cricketer and journalist (died 1963)
1882 - Zoltán Kodály, Hungarian composer, conductor, and musicologist (died 1967)
1882 - Walther Meissner, German physicist and engineer (died 1974)
1883 - Károly Kós, Hungarian-Romanian architect, ethnologist, and politician (died 1977)
1883 - Max Linder, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (died 1925)
1884 - Seibo Kitamura, Japanese sculptor (died 1987)
1888 - Alexander I of Yugoslavia (died 1934)
1888 - Alphonse Juin, Algerian-French general (died 1967)
1889 - Kim Chwa-chin, South Korean guerrilla leader (died 1930)
1895 - Marie Hall Ets, American author and illustrator (died 1984)
1899 - Noël Coward, English actor, playwright, and composer (died 1973)
1900 - Lucille Lortel, American actress and producer (died 1999)
1900 - V. S. Pritchett, English author and critic (died 1997)
1901 - Margaret Mead, American anthropologist and author (died 1978)
1902 - Rafael Alberti, Spanish poet and playwright (died 1999)
1903 - Hardie Albright, American actor (died 1975)
1903 - Harold Whitlock, English race walker and coach (died 1985)
1905 - Piet Hein, Danish mathematician, author, and poet (died 1996)
1907 - Barbara Kent, Canadian-American actress (died 2011)
1910 - Freddie Brown, Peruvian-English cricketer and sportscaster (died 1991)
1913 - George Ignatieff, Russian-Canadian scholar and diplomat, 8th Canadian Ambassador to the United Nations (died 1989)
1913 - Salik Lucknawi, Indian journalist and poet (died 2013)
1915 - Turk Murphy, American trombonist and singer (died 1987)
1916 - Birgitta Valberg, Swedish actress (died 2014)
1917 - Nabi Bux Khan Baloch, Pakistani author and scholar (died 2011)
1917 - Pete T. Cenarrusa, American soldier, pilot, and politician, Secretary of State of Idaho (died 2013)
1917 - Arthur C. Clarke, English-Sri Lankan soldier and author (died 2008)
1917 - Ruth Johnson Colvin, American author and educator, founded ProLiteracy Worldwide
1918 - Pierre Delanoë, French songwriter (died 2006)
1918 - Vida Hope, English actress (died 1963)
1920 - Frederick Rotimi Williams, Nigerian lawyer and politician (died 2005)
1921 - Eulalio González, Mexican singer-songwriter, director, producer, and screenwriter (died 2003)
1922 - Cy Leslie, American record producer, founded Pickwick Records (died 2008)
1923 - Menahem Pressler, German-American pianist (Beaux Arts Trio)
1923 - Ernst Florian Winter, Austrian-American historian and political scientist (died 2014)
1924 - Nicolas Sidjakov, Latvian-American illustrator (died 1993)
1926 - James McCracken, American tenor and actor (died 1988)
1926 - A. N. R. Robinson, Trinidadian lawyer and politician, 3rd President of Trinidad and Tobago (died 2014)
1926 - Jeffrey Stone, American actor and screenwriter (died 2012)
1927 - Peter Dickinson, Rhodesian-English author and poet (died 2015)
1927 - Randall Garrett, American author and poet (died 1987)
1928 - Terry Carter, American actor, director, and producer
1928 - Philip K. Dick, American philosopher and author (died 1982)
1929 - Nicholas Courtney, Egyptian-English actor (died 2011)
1930 - Bill Brittain, American author (died 2011)
1930 - Sam Most, American flute player and saxophonist (died 2013)
1930 - Bill Young, American sergeant and politician (died 2013)
1931 - Karl Denver, Scottish-English singer (died 1998)
1932 - Rodion Shchedrin, Russian pianist and composer
1932 - Quentin Blake, English author and illustrator
1936 - Morris Dees, American lawyer and activist, co-founded the Southern Poverty Law Center
1937 - Joyce Bulifant, American actress and singer
1937 - Edward Ruscha, American painter and photographer
1938 - Frank Deford, American journalist and author
1938 - Liv Ullmann, Norwegian actress, director, and screenwriter
1939 - Philip Langridge, English tenor and actor (died 2010)
1939 - Gordon Miller, English high jumper
1941 - Lesley Stahl, American journalist and actress
1941 - Roger Neil Wheeler, English general
1942 - Donald Carcieri, American educator and politician, 73rd Governor of Rhode Island
1942 - Eugene Robert Glazer, American actor
1943 - Steven Bochco, American screenwriter and producer
1944 - Jeff Kanew, American director and screenwriter
1944 - Don Meyer, American basketball player and coach (died 2014)
1945 - Patti Deutsch, American actress and comedian
1945 - Bobby George, English darts player and sportscaster
1945 - Yukio Hattori, Japanese television host
1945 - Tony Hicks, English singer and guitarist (The Hollies)
1946 - Benny Andersson, Swedish singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (ABBA and Hep Stars)
1946 - Charles Dennis, Canadian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1946 - Trevor Pinnock, English harpsichord player and conductor
1946 - Tom Stern, American cinematographer
1947 - Ben Cross, English actor
1947 - Vincent Matthews, American sprinter
1947 - Martyn Poliakoff, English chemist and academic
1949 - Billy Gibbons, American guitarist, songwriter, producer, and actor (ZZ Top and Moving Sidewalks)
1949 - Heather Hallett, English lawyer and judge
1950 - Claudia Cohen, American journalist (died 2007)
1950 - Roy Schuiten, Dutch cyclist and manager (died 2006)
1951 - Sally Emerson, English author and poet
1951 - Mike Flanagan, American baseball player, coach, and sportscaster (died 2011)
1951 - Robben Ford, American guitarist and songwriter (L.A. Express and Yellowjackets)
1951 - Mark Heard, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (died 1992)
1951 - Aykut Barka, Turkish scientist (died 2002)
1952 - Joel Garner, Barbadian cricketer and manager
1952 - Francesco Graziani, Italian footballer and manager
1953 - Rebecca Forstadt, American voice actress and screenwriter
1955 - Xander Berkeley, American actor and producer
1955 - Carol Browner, American lawyer and environmentalist, 8th Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency
1955 - Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este
1955 - Chiharu Matsuyama, Japanese singer-songwriter
1956 - Spagna, Italian singer-songwriter
1956 - Lizzy Mercier Descloux, French musician, singer-songwriter, composer, actress, writer and painter (died 2004)
1957 - H. D. Kumaraswamy, Indian social worker and politician, 18th Chief Minister of Karnataka
1957 - Antonio Vega, Spanish singer-songwriter and guitarist (Nacha Pop) (died 2009)
1958 - Katie Leigh, American voice actress
1958 - Bart Oates, American football player and lawyer
1959 - Alison LaPlaca, American actress
1959 - Alexander Lebedev, Russian businessman and politician
1959 - Steve Mattsson, American author and illustrator
1960 - Pat Van Den Hauwe, Belgian footballer and manager
1961 - LaChanze, American actress, singer, and dancer
1961 - André Andersen, Russian-Danish keyboard player, songwriter, and producer (Royal Hunt)
1961 - Shane Black, American actor, director, and screenwriter
1961 - Bill Hicks, American comedian, actor, and singer (died 1994)
1961 - Jon Tenney, American actor and director
1962 - Maruschka Detmers, Dutch-French actress
1962 - William Perry, American football player and wrestler
1963 - Benjamin Bratt, American actor and producer
1963 - Jeff Carson, American singer-songwriter
1963 - James Mangold, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1964 - Heike Drechsler, German sprinter and long jumper
1964 - Todd Glass, American comedian and actor
1964 - Gail Harris, English actress and producer
1964 - Georgie Parker, Australian actress
1964 - Billy Ripken, American baseball player and sportscaster
1964 - Paul Vogt, American actor
1965 - Chris Jones, American baseball player and manager
1965 - Melanie Sloan, American lawyer and activist
1965 - Nancy Valen, American actress and producer
1966 - Clifford Robinson, American basketball player
1966 - Dennis Wise, English footballer and manager
1967 - Donovan Bailey, Canadian sprinter and sportscaster
1967 - Indrek Kaseorg, Estonian decathlete
1967 - Miranda Otto, Australian actress
1968 - Lalah Hathaway, American singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer
1968 - Greg Kovacs, Canadian bodybuilder (died 2013)
1969 - Simon Grayson, English footballer and manager
1969 - Adam Riess, American astrophysicist, astronomer, and academic Nobel Prize laureate
1969 - Dmitri Tymoczko, American composer and theorist
1969 - Craig White, English cricketer and coach
1970 - Valerie Chow, Canadian-Hong Kong actress and publicist
1971 - Seyhan Kurt, French-Turkish poet and sociologist
1971 - Michael McCary, American singer-songwriter (Boyz II Men)
1971 - Paul van Dyk, German DJ and producer
1972 - Charles Gipson, American baseball player
1972 - Paul Leyden, Australian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1972 - Travis Morrison, American singer-songwriter (The Dismemberment Plan)
1973 - Themba Mnguni, South African footballer
1973 - Jason Molina, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (died 2013)
1973 - Scott Storch, American songwriter and producer, founded Storch Music Company
1975 - Kaba Diawara, French-Guinean footballer
1975 - Nao Kawakita, Japanese drummer (Maximum the Hormone)
1975 - Benjamin Kowalewicz, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Billy Talent)
1975 - Paul Maynard, English politician
1976 - Jen Golbeck, American computer scientist and academic
1976 - Emiri Henmi, Japanese actress and singer
1977 - Éric Bélanger, Canadian ice hockey player
1977 - Sylvain Distin, French footballer
1978 - John Morris, Canadian curler and firefighter
1978 - Gunter Van Handenhoven, Belgian footballer and manager
1979 - Luke Harper, American wrestler
1979 - Trevor Immelman, South African golfer
1979 - Jessie Ward, American wrestler and producer
1980 - Danish Kaneria, Pakistani cricketer
1981 - Imran Nazir, Pakistani cricketer
1981 - Krysten Ritter, American model, actress, and producer
1981 - Gareth Williams, Scottish footballer
1982 - Antrel Rolle, American football player
1982 - Hanna Syedokova, Ukrainian-American singer and actress (Nu Virgos)
1983 - Kelenna Azubuike, American basketball player
1983 - Frankie Ballard, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1983 - Mika Kikuchi, Japanese actress and singer
1983 - Danielle O'Hara, English model and actress, Miss Great Britain 2006
1984 - Theo James, English-American actor
1985 - Stanislav Manolev, Bulgarian footballer
1985 - James Nash, English race car driver
1985 - Amanda Setton, American actress
1985 - Keita Tachibana, Japanese singer and dancer (W-inds)
1986 - Candice Crawford, American model and journalist, Miss Missouri USA 2008
1986 - Alcides Escobar, Venezuelan baseball player
1986 - Zoltán Kovács, Hungarian footballer (died 2013)
1986 - Pärt Uusberg, Estonian actor, composer, and conductor
1987 - Mame Biram Diouf, Senegalese footballer
1987 - Beau Dowler, Australian footballer
1987 - Hallee Hirsh, American actress
1988 - Mats Hummels, German footballer
1988 - Edita Janeliunaite, Lithuanian cyclist
1988 - Nitya Krishinda Maheswari, Indonesian badminton player
1988 - Anna Popplewell, English actress
1989 - Mirei Kiritani, Japanese model, actress, and journalist
1992 - Ulrikke Eikeri, Norwegian tennis player
1992 - Anamul Haque, Bangladeshi cricketer
1992 - Moe Miura, Japanese model, actress, and singer (9nine)
1992 - Pietro Perdichizzi, Belgian footballer
1994 - Elliot Lee, English footballer
1994 - Nicola Murru, Italian footballer
1994 - José Rodríguez Martínez, Spanish footballer
1994 - Stephen Sutton, English activist and blogger (died 2014)
1998 - Mira Antonitsch, Austrian tennis player

Deaths

705 - Wu Zetian, Chinese wife of Emperor Taizong of Tang (born 625)
714 - Pepin of Herstal (born 635)
867 - Eberhard of Friuli (born 815)
999 - Adelaide of Italy (born 931)
1263 - Haakon IV of Norway (born 1204)
1325 - Charles, Count of Valois (born 1270)
1378 - Secondotto, Marquess of Montferrat (born 1360)
1379 - John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel, English general and politician, Lord Marshall of England (born 1348)
1470 - John II, Duke of Lorraine (born 1425)
1474 - Ali Qushji, Uzbek astronomer, mathematician, and physicist (born 1403)
1515 - Afonso de Albuquerque, Portuguese admiral and politician, 3rd Viceroy of Portuguese India (born 1453)
1598 - Yi Sun-sin, Korean general (born 1545)
1669 - Nathaniel Fiennes, English soldier and politician (born 1608)
1687 - William Petty, English economist and philosopher (born 1623)
1751 - Leopold II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau (born 1700)
1765 - Peter Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-Canadian lieutenant and surveyor (born 1741)
1774 - François Quesnay, French economist, physician, and philosopher (born 1694)
1783 - Johann Adolph Hasse, German composer and educator (born 1699)
1783 - Sir William James, 1st Baronet, Welsh-English commander and politician (born 1720)
1805 - Francesco Saverio Cassar, Gozitan priest and rebel leader (born 1746)
1809 - Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, French chemist and entomologist (born 1755)
1859 - Wilhelm Grimm, German anthropologist and author (born 1786)
1892 - Henry Yesler, American businessman and politician, 7th Mayor of Seattle (born 1810)
1897 - Alphonse Daudet, French author, poet, and playwright (born 1840)
1898 - Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and art collector (born 1832)
1908 - American Horse, American tribal leader and educator (born 1840)
1914 - Ivan Zajc, Croatian composer, conductor, and educator (born 1832)
1917 - Frank Gotch, American wrestler (born 1878)
1921 - Camille Saint-Saëns, French pianist, composer, and conductor (born 1835)
1922 - Gabriel Narutowicz, Lithuanian-Polish engineer and politician, 1st President of the Republic of Poland (born 1865)
1928 - Elinor Wylie, American poet and author (born 1885)
1930 - Herman Lamm, German-American bank robber (born 1890)
1935 - Thelma Todd, American actress and singer (born 1905)
1936 - Frank Eugene, American-German photographer and educator (born 1865)
1940 - Billy Hamilton, American baseball player and manager (born 1866)
1943 - George Bambridge, English diplomat (born 1892)
1944 - Betsie ten Boom, Dutch holocaust victim (born 1885)
1945 - Giovanni Agnelli, Italian businessman, founded the Fiat Automobile Company (born 1866)
1945 - Fumimaro Konoe, Japanese lawyer and politician, 23rd Prime Minister of Japan (born 1891)
1948 - Denham Fouts, American prostitute (born 1914)
1949 - Sidney Olcott, Canadian-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (born 1873)
1952 - Robert Henry Best, American journalist (born 1896)
1956 - Nina Hamnett, Welsh painter and author (born 1890)
1961 - Hans Rebane, Estonian journalist and politician, 8th Minister of Foreign Affairs (born 1882)
1965 - W. Somerset Maugham, French-English author and playwright (born 1874)
1968 - Futabayama Sadaji, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 35th Yokozuna (born 1912)
1968 - Muhammad Suheimat, Jordanian general and politician (born 1916)
1969 - Alphonse Castex, French rugby union player (born 1899)
1969 - Soe Hok Gie, Indonesian activist and academic (born 1942)
1974 - Kostas Varnalis, Greek poet and playwright (born 1884)
1976 - Réal Caouette, Canadian journalist and politician (born 1917)
1977 - Risto Jarva, Finnish director, producer, and screenwriter (born 1934)
1977 - Gustaf Aulén Well-known Swedish theologian, and the author of the influential work, Christus Victor (born 1879)
1980 - Colonel Sanders, American businessman, founded KFC (born 1890)
1980 - Hellmuth Walter, German-American engineer (born 1900)
1982 - Colin Chapman, English engineer and businessman, founded Lotus Cars (born 1928)
1983 - Debs Garms, American baseball player (born 1907)
1984 - Karl Deichgräber, German philologist and academic (born 1903)
1985 - Thomas Bilotti, American mobster (born 1940)
1985 - Paul Castellano, American mobster (born 1915)
1988 - Sylvester, American singer-songwriter and producer (born 1948)
1989 - Oscar Alfredo Gálvez, Argentinian race car driver (born 1913)
1989 - Silvana Mangano, Italian actress and dancer (born 1930)
1989 - Aileen Pringle, American actress (born 1895)
1989 - Lee Van Cleef, American actor and singer (born 1925)
1990 - Douglas Campbell, American lieutenant and pilot (born 1896)
1991 - Eszter Tamási, Hungarian actress and journalist (born 1938)
1993 - Charizma, American rapper (born 1973)
1993 - Moses Gunn, American actor (born 1929)
1993 - Kakuei Tanaka, Japanese soldier and politician, 64th Prime Minister of Japan (born 1918)
1995 - Johnny Moss, American poker player (born 1907)
1995 - Mariele Ventre, Italian singer and director (born 1939)
1996 - Quentin Bell, English historian and author (born 1910)
1997 - Lillian Disney, American illustrator and philanthropist (born 1899)
1997 - Nicolette Larson, American singer (born 1952)
1998 - William Gaddis, American author and academic (born 1922)
2001 - Stuart Adamson, English-Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Skids, Big Country, and The Raphaels) (born 1958)
2001 - Stefan Heym, German-American soldier and author (born 1913)
2003 - Alfred Lynch, English actor (born 1931)
2003 - Robert Stanfield, Canadian economist, lawyer, and politician, 17th Premier of Nova Scotia (born 1914)
2003 - Gary Stewart, American singer-songwriter (born 1945)
2004 - Ted Abernathy, American baseball player (born 1933)
2004 - Deyda Hydara, Gambian journalist, co-founded The Point (born 1946)
2004 - Agnes Martin, American painter and educator (born 1912)
2005 - Kenneth Bulmer, English author (born 1921)
2005 - Ed Hansen, American director and screenwriter (born 1937)
2005 - John Spencer, American actor (born 1946)
2006 - Don Jardine, Canadian wrestler and trainer (born 1940)
2006 - Taliep Petersen, South African singer-songwriter and director (born 1950)
2006 - Pnina Salzman, Israeli pianist and educator (born 1922)
2006 - Stanford J. Shaw, American historian and academic (born 1930)
2007 - Dan Fogelberg, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (born 1951)
2009 - Roy E. Disney, American businessman (born 1930)
2009 - Yegor Gaidar, Russian economist and politician, Prime Minister of Russia (born 1956)
2009 - Manto Tshabalala-Msimang, South African physician and politician, 22nd South African Minister of Health (born 1940)
2010 - Melvin E. Biddle, American soldier, Medal of Honor recipient (born 1923)
2011 - Robert Easton, American actor and screenwriter (born 1930)
2011 - Nicol Williamson, Scottish actor (born 1938)
2012 - Elwood V. Jensen, American biologist and academic (born 1920)
2012 - Iñaki Lejarreta, Spanish cyclist (born 1983)
2012 - Jake Adam York, American poet and academic (born 1972)
2013 - James Flint, English commander (born 1913)
2013 - Ray Price, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (born 1926)
2013 - Marta Russell, American journalist, author, and activist (born 1951)
2013 - Zvi Yanai, Israeli publicist and philosopher (born 1935)
2014 - Martin Brasier, English paleontologist, biologist, and academic (born 1947)
2014 - Tim Cochran, American mathematician and academic (born 1955)
2014 - Wendy Rene, American singer-songwriter (born 1947)
2015 - Lizmark, Mexican wrestler (born 1949)
2015 - Peter Dickinson, Rhodesian-English author and poet (born 1927)
2015 - Gabre Gabric, Croatian-Italian discus thrower and shot putter (born 1914)
2015 - George Earl Ortman, American painter and sculptor (born 1926)


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