Turkish belongs to the Ural-Altaic family of languages, and is rather different from languages of the Indo-European family.

There are 29 letters in the Turkish alphabet, and it may be helpful to look at the list of letters following this phrase list to familiarise yourself with the pronunciation.

You can see that some of the endings (especially the questions in these examples) have an  '-iz' . This indicates a formal, less familiar tone, similar to "vous" in French.

Turkish pronunciation is phonetic, very few letters are 'swallowed'. In most instances each letter is pronounced, usually in pairs; for instance, Merhaba is pronounced MARE - HA - BA with the MARE being pronounced like "mare" in english, HA as in haha :o), BA as in bah humbug.  :o)

Try using a little Turkish whilst you are here, it will be greatly appreciated and bring a big smile.

One very important phrase is Hoş Geldiniz (pronounced "hosh gel din iz").  You may well hear this a lot as you enter a resturant or shop, it's a form of greeting, it's near literal translation is "You came well", basically well come or welcome :o) The proper response is Hoş Bulduk (pronounced "hosh bull duk"), literally meaning " we found well".  If you remember nothing but this, you'll go a long way. :o)
The phonetic pronounciation is written using British English pronounciation, sorry to any Americans, etc. -- Just pretend you're English and use that pronounciation :o)

English Turkish

 Pronunciation

Hello Merhaba!  MARE-HA-BA see above

Good evening

İyi akşamlar!

 EE AK-SHAM-LAR

Good-bye (said by person leaving)

Hoşçakal!

 HOSH-CHA-KAL

Good-bye (said by person staying) Güle güle!  GUU-LEH GUU-LEH

How are you?

Nasılsın?

 NA-SEL-SIN

I am fine, and you?

İyiyim, sen nasılsın?

 EE-IM, SEN  NA-SEL-SIN

Not very well.

Çok iyi değil.

 CHOK EEYI DEY-EEL

Thank you

Teşekkür ederim.

 TE-SH-QU-ERR ED-ERR-IM

You’re welcome

Birşey değil. (in response to “Thank you”)

 BEER-SHEY DEY-EEL

Please

Lütfen.

 LUT-FEN

Do you speak English?

İngilizce konuşur musunuz?
İngilizce biliyor musunuz?

INN-GLIZ-JE CON-NUSH-OR MUS-UN-UZ

(BILL-IYOR) 

I don’t speak Turkish

Türkçe bilmiyorum!

TURK-JEH BILL-MI-YOR-UM

I don’t understand

Sizi anlamıyorum.

SI-ZI ANN-LA-MA-YOR-UM

Could you please repeat

Şunu tekrar edebilir misiniz?

SHU-NU TEK-RA ED-EBB-ILL-EAR MISS-IN-IZ

Pleased to meet you

Tanıştığımıza sevindim./Memnum oldum

TAN-ISH-TI-IM-IZA SEV-IN-DIM/ MEM-NUM-OLL-DUM

Where is the washroom?

Afedersiniz, tuvalet nerede?

AFF-ED-DER-SIN-IZ TOO-WA-LET NER-REY-DE

How much does it cost?

Ne kadar?

NAY KAD-AR

May I speak to [Name]?

[Name] ile görüşebilir miyim?

... ILL-EH GOR-EH-SHEBB-ILL-EAR ME-YIM

I am sorry

Özür dilerim.
Pardon!

OUZ-UR DILL-EAR-IM

PARR-DON

Excuse me

Afedersiniz.

AFF-ED-DAR-SAN-IZ

Can you help me?

Yardım edebilir misiniz?

YARR-DIM ED-EBB-ILL-EAR MISS-IN-IZ

Yes

Evet.

EV-ET

No

Hayır.

HI-EAR

I don’t know

Bilmiyorum.

BILL-ME-YOR-UM

Okay/Alright

Tamam.

TAM-AM

Welcome Hoş Geldiniz.  HOSH GEL-DIN-IZ
We came well (response to hoş geldiniz)  Hoş Bulduk.  HOSH BULL-DUK

 Pronunciation guide of Turkish alphabet:

 A – sounds like ah as in "awful"
 B – sounds like b as in " bed"
 C – sounds like j as in " juniper"
 Ç – sounds like ch as in "chipper"
 D – sounds like d as in "dog"
 E – sounds like eh as in "hey"
 F – sounds like f as in "fun"
 G – sounds like g as in "gift"
 Ğ – silent letter ( The English word 'yoghurt' (or yogurt) is taken from the Turkish yoğurt, pronounced: 'yo-urt')
 H – sounds like h as in "happy"
 I – sounds like ə as in "the"

 İ – sounds like i as in " interest"

 J – sounds like je  as in "mirage"
 K – sounds like k as in "king"
 L – sounds like l as in  " love"
 M – sounds like m as in "man"
 N – sounds like n as in "none"
 O – sounds like o as in "over"
 Ö – sounds like ö as in "cook"
 P – sounds like p as in  "pickle"
 R – sounds like r as in  "river"
 S – sounds like s as in "supper"
 Ş – sounds like sh as in "shelf"
 T – sounds like t as in "top"
 U – sounds like u as in  "oodles"
 Ü – sounds like ü as in "astute"
 V – sounds like v as in "vestibule"
 Y – sounds like y as in "yes"
 Z – sounds like z as in  "zoo"


Merhaba
Hello
Teşekkür ederim
Thank you
Sağol
Thank you (informal)
Afedersiniz
Excuse me
Lütfen
Please
Şerefe!
Cheers!
Hoşça kal
Goodbye
Fiyatı ne kadar?
How much is it?
Hesap lütfen
The check, please
Banyo nerede?
Where is the bathroom?
Türkiye
Turkey
Türk
Turkish
Türkçe
Turkish (language)
Evet
Yes
Hayır
No
Bir
One (1)
İki
Two (2)
Üç
Three (3)
Bu
This
Şu
That
Çok iyi
Very good
Güzel
Beautiful, pretty
Lezzetli
Delicious
Bundan hoşlanıyorum
I like it
Tamam mı?
Is it OK?
Tamam
OK, all right
Bu iyi
That's good
… nerede?
Where is …?
Ne?
What?
Ne zaman?
When?
Az / Biraz
A little
Hoş geldiniz!
Welcome!
Günaydın
Good morning
İyi geceler
Good night
Hoşça kal!
Bye!
Görüşmek üzere
See you later
Çok teşekkürler
Thank you very much
Rica ederim
You're welcome
Sorun değil
No problem
Seni seviyorum
I love you
Tebrikler!
Congratulations!
Üzgünüm
I'm sorry
Ne tavsiye edersiniz?
What do you recommend?
Bir fotoğraf çekebilir miyim?
Can I take a photo?
O nedir?
What is that?
Nerelisiniz?
Where are you from?
…’lıyım
I am from …
Nasıl gidiyor?
How are you doing?
İyiyim
I'm fine
Adınız ne?
What is your name? (formal)
Benim adım …
My name is …
Tanıştığımıza memnun oldum
Nice to meet you
Ben de memnun oldum
Reply to Nice to meet you
Burada
Here
Orada
There
İlginç
Interesting
Mümkün
Possible
Doğru
Correct, right
Harika
Wonderful
Favori
Favorite
Ünlü
Famous
Muhteşem!
Awesome!
Meşgul
Busy
Hazır
Ready
Daha sonra
Later
Şimdi
Now
Ben
I
Sen
You (informal)
Siz
You (formal or plural)
Arkadaş
Friend
Hiçbir şey
Nothing
Daha çok
More
Belki
Maybe
Elbette
Of course
Katılıyorum
I agree
Anlıyorum
I understand
Anlamıyorum
I don't understand
Lütfen tekrarlar mısın?
Repeat it, please
İngilizce konuşabiliyor musun?
Can you speak English?
Çok az Türkçe konuşabiliyorum
I can speak a little bit of Turkish
Türkçe’de nasıl … dersiniz?
How do you say … in Turkish?
… ne demek?
What does … mean?
Buradan internete girebilir miyim?
Can I get Internet access here?
Yakınlarda iyi bir restoran önerebilir misiniz?
Can you recommend a good restaurant nearby?
Biraz indirim yapabilir mısınız?
Can you give me a discount?
İmdat!
Help!
Polis
Police
Doktor
Doctor
Kayboldum
I'm lost
Hangi yöne?
Which way?
Bankamatik
ATM (money machine)
Bugün
Today
Bu gece
Tonight
Yarın
Tomorrow
Sol
Left
Sağ
Right (not left)
Kapalı
Closed (for business)
Su
Water
Mutlu
Happy
Sokak
Street
Dal sarkar kartal kalkar kartal kalkar dal sarkar
Tongue Twister: The branch swings and the eagle flies, the eagle flies and the branch swings